10 Key Scientific Paradigm Shifts

written by Prof. Sungsik Lee on 27 Oct. 2017 (see more in Director’s Blog)

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*Note that this list shown below has been created by being based on my personal interest and judgment to say ‘Key’ with reading books and watching related documentaries on each scientific debate led to each paradigm shift at that time, I believe.

List of the 10 Key Scientific Paradigm Shifts:

  1. Plato (fl. 645–653) vs. Aristotle (384 – 322 BC): IDEA vs. its coincidence with Real
  2. Pitagoras (569 – 475 BC) vs. Hippasus (5c BC): Existence of irrational number
  3. Galileo (1564 – 1642 AD) vs. Ptolemaios (100 – 168 AD): Equivalence principle, Relativity on moving objects
  4. Descartes (1596 – 1650 AD) vs. Euclid (323 – 285 BC): Geometry with coordination
  5. Tycho Brahe (1546 – 1601 AD) vs. Copernicus (1473 – 1543 AD): Geocentrism vs. Heliocentrism
  6. Kepler (1571 – 1630 AD) vs. Tycho Brahe (1546 – 1601 AD): Geocentrism vs. Heliocentrism
  7. Newton (1643 – 1727 AD)  vs. Hooke (1635 – 1703 AD): Whose Gravity?
  8. Newton (1643 – 1727 AD) vs. Leibniz (1646 – 1716 AD): Ownership of Diff and Integ
  9. Newton (1643 – 1727 AD) vs. Émilie Du Châtelet (1707 – 1749 AD): Force, Velocity, and Accel.
  10. Newton (1643 – 1727 AD)  vs. Einstein (1879 – 1955 AD): Absolute vs. Relative:

to be updated with a detailed story for each debate